The quality of agricultural production space in the area of Wielichowo is not very favorable for agricultural production (light soils, quite frequent droughts, significant water shortages during the growing season of plants, wind erosion of soils). Arable land occupies 82% of the agricultural area and forms a large mosaic. Cultivated fields located in the area above the Obra valley with the dominance of lessive and brown leached soils, belong mainly to rye complexes (4, 5, 6 and 7). The slope of the Obra valley is dominated the brown leached soils with black soils located below. Leached brown soils dominate in the valley itself. In this area there are light and very light soils (rye complexes from 4 to 9). The grasslands in the Obra valley on mucky soils are of medium quality (class IV-VI). The arable land is of low quality, with classes IVa, IVb, V and VI, accounting for 92% of their area.
Wielichowo is a non-livestock farm, focused on cereal production, whose percentage in the value of gross commodity production is about 52%. The sowing structure is dominated by winter cereals (wheat, triticale, rye) (about 74%); winter rapeseed, sugar beet, flax and mustard seeds are also grown. In recent years, the average yielding level of winter wheat exceeded 5 t∙ha-1 (total grain – about 4.5 t∙ha-1), and in the case of sugar beet it reached about 67 t∙ha-1 on average. Wheat, rapeseed, sugar beet and flax are cultivated on better soils. Mineral fertilization is at a quite low level, close to 160 kg NPK∙ha-1 AL.
In the station, apart from agricultural production and field experiments, an important element is organizational and economic research and works related to the evaluation of plant production technology (winter triticale, winter rye, winter oilseed rape) as well as financial analyses of economic activity. In addition, work is carried out within the framework of the agricultural drought monitoring and the LCAgri project (4 low emission practices implementation).