AES Kępa-Puławy is a multi-treatment experimental unit, currently consisting of 4 farms (Kępa, known as Mokradki, Osiny, Sadowice, Pulki) and the Ruda Forest. Kępa and Sadowice are located in gmina Puławy; Osiny in gmina Żyrzyn, and Pulki in gmina Końskowola (all in the Lubelskie voivodeship). The Kepa (Mokradki) farm is the oldest (1878) experimental treatment in Poland. The terrain of all treatments is usually flat and the soil cover is very diversified.
The farmlands of Kępa and Sadłowice are located in the Vistula valley (the area of the Lesser Poland Vistula Gorge), mainly on medium-size paddocks. The Osiny farm is located in the Lublin Upland, in an area with diversified relief and soil cover with the domination of podzolic soils (about 80% of the area) and with a significant share of black soils. The Pulka farm is located at the confluence of 3 mesoregions: he Lesser Poland Gorge of the Vistula, Lublin Upland and Nałęczowski Plateau, on light soils. The agro-meteorological conditions during the growing season of plants in AES KĘpa-PuŁawy are quite dry, with a clearly negative water balance.
AES Kępa-Puławy, with its multi-treatment structure and varied soil conditions, conducts multi-type crop production with cereals as its main branch. It cultivates cereals (winter and spring wheat, winter and spring triticale, winter and spring barley, winter rye, oats), grain maize, winter and spring rapeseed. The percentage of cereals in the sowing structure is about 70%, and grain yields exceed 5 t∙ha-1. Moreover, permanent plantations are carried out: hops and orchard (Kępa) and willow (Sadłowice). In recent years, the percentage of grains in the value of gross commodity production was 40% on average. The level of mineral fertilization was similar to 280 kg NPK∙ha-1 UR. In Osiny, the breeding of meat cattle of Angus breed, was also started .
Two farms – Kępa and Osiny, besides commercial agricultural production, are also active in field experimentation. In addition, AES Kępa-Puławy carries out organizational and economic research and works related to the evaluation of plant production technology (winter wheat, winter triticale, winter oilseed rape), as well as carries out analyses of economic activity of the entire station. The work is also carried out within the framework of agricultural drought monitoring and the LCAgri project (implementation of low emission practices – 3 in Kępa and 5 in Osiny).